Children use language for variety of purposes. Let them talk and consider 'talk' as a resource for learning. So the focus of every language classsroom could be on creating an environment to use the language in a meaningful context.
Theme: Journey to school
Duration: Three sessions
- To Develop:
- To develop listening and speaking skills.
- To develop their imagination.
- Story telling
- To encourage the learners who are reluctant to speak/comment/suggest
Warm up activities
Drawing- Ask the students to draw any image of any animal. Encourage them to describe it in their own words. Hang the picture on the classroom wall.
Name card: Students can prepare cards with their names written and tag it on their pockets. It will help in identifying the letters and soundsm as they would be familiar with each other's names. Ask the children to move around and read others' name plate.
Show the two pictures to the class and allow the children to imagine the story. Elicit from the students, the context and sequence of the events and ask them to guess the conversations in the story. Before inviting children to tell a story, the teacher can follow a set of preliminary activities to generate ideas and elicit vocabulary.
Step : 1 Ask the children to identify the objects present in the two images. List the names of the objects on the board/ chart. Do not directly supply ideas, but help the children generate ideas by asking multiple questions. The teacher can give instructions in Tamil if necessary. In case the children are unaware of the words in English, they can respond in Tamil as well. Invite the children to step in front of the class and ask them to read the words on the board. Ensure that every child is responding and participating in all the activities.
Step : 2 Finding action words. The teacher can ask; what are they doing in the first picture, are they talking to each other? What is happening in the second image? Look at her face; is she happy? Is there any difference between the first and second picture? List the words on the board, such as running, smiling, talking, standing etc. make small sentences using the above words. Follow the same process of asking questions to elicit responses from children regarding the description of characters. Example: smiling face, a small girl, etc.
Step : 3 To enhance their imagination regarding the image, the teacher can follow the same process of asking multiple questions. It could be; Can you imagine the conversation they exchanged? Where are they running? Why are they running? Do you run to school? etc. Ask follow-up questions depending upon their response.
Go through all the words/sentences written on the board. Encourage each child to tell a story based on the images. At the end, the teacher, too, can come up with his/her own version. Make the students enact a role play of the story developed by them. This can be a group work.
Session : 2
Introducing the story - ‘Haldi’s adventure’: The story can be introduced to the students by connecting it to the previous activity. Children would have already had an experience of creativity from the previous activity which would help them predict the story and comprehend it further. The teacher can narrate the story by acting out some of the words; this helps the children to understand the meaning. Use appropriate sounds, gestures and facial expressions for narrating the story. Acting out the complete lesson may give the whole class a better understanding of the story. The story needs to be read out a couple of times.
Session : 3
Learning days: Use a calendar and ask children to identify their birth date: day and month. The teacher can introduce the days of the week by posing questions related to the children’s routine activities. A few could be: connecting the midday meal menu and the day, the school holidays etc. List the children’s response on board/ chart. The teacher can use simple action songs related to days of the week. Repeat the songs with action, voice modulation and stress wherever it is needed.
The teacher can assess whether a child is able to follow the instruction and work accordingly. Is the child able to identify the objects, tell some lines of the story, and participate in the activity? The teacher can plan an individual sharing activity in which students are asked to share the differences and similarities between school and home; what they like and don’t like. Make the children form a circle, with the teacher being a part of it. Each one’s turn can be decided through simple activities like passing a ball. This kind of seating arrangement will help in developing a sense of belongingness among the students and teacher while creating a joyful environment as well. This activity will help the teacher in assessing the comfort level of each child in this space.
Some theme-based activity worksheets are provided for assessment. You can download them and use it in your classrooms.
Days of the Week Song
Term: Term 1